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lab 10 History

Goals

Getting a listing of what changes have been made is the function of the git log command.

Execute:

git log

You should see …

Output:

$ git log
commit 4254c9466673a6ddbeb35e2802315dbcfc1dbb62
Author: Jim Weirich <jim (at) edgecase.com>
Date:   Sat Jun 20 20:37:05 2020 +0100

    Added a comment

commit c8b3af1cdc72ea8162d08f182a3e8f69a1ebf9b2
Author: Jim Weirich <jim (at) edgecase.com>
Date:   Sat Jun 20 20:37:05 2020 +0100

    Added a default value

commit 30c2cd4b78087f4c6fc8c464e490af6894454c08
Author: Jim Weirich <jim (at) edgecase.com>
Date:   Sat Jun 20 20:37:05 2020 +0100

    Using ARGV

commit 4445720e0ab1008f680c49a26f6392ce15a4dae0
Author: Jim Weirich <jim (at) edgecase.com>
Date:   Sat Jun 20 20:37:05 2020 +0100

    First Commit

Here is a list of all four commits that we have made to the repository so far.

One Line Histories

You have a great deal of control over exactly what the log command displays. I like the one line format:

Execute:

git log --pretty=oneline

You should see …

Output:

$ git log --pretty=oneline
4254c9466673a6ddbeb35e2802315dbcfc1dbb62 Added a comment
c8b3af1cdc72ea8162d08f182a3e8f69a1ebf9b2 Added a default value
30c2cd4b78087f4c6fc8c464e490af6894454c08 Using ARGV
4445720e0ab1008f680c49a26f6392ce15a4dae0 First Commit

Controlling Which Entries are Displayed

There are a lot of options for selecting which entries are displayed in the log. Play around with the following options:

git log --pretty=oneline --max-count=2
git log --pretty=oneline --since='5 minutes ago'
git log --pretty=oneline --until='5 minutes ago'
git log --pretty=oneline --author=<your name>
git log --pretty=oneline --all

See man git-log for all the details.

Getting Fancy

Here’s what I use to review the changes made in the last week. I’ll add --author=jim if I only want to see changes I made.

git log --all --pretty=format:'%h %cd %s (%an)' --since='7 days ago'

The Ultimate Log Format

Over time, I’ve decided that I like the following log format for most of my work.

Execute:

git log --pretty=format:'%h %ad | %s%d [%an]' --graph --date=short

It looks like this:

Output:

$ git log --pretty=format:'%h %ad | %s%d [%an]' --graph --date=short
* 4254c94 2020-06-20 | Added a comment (HEAD -> master) [Jim Weirich]
* c8b3af1 2020-06-20 | Added a default value [Jim Weirich]
* 30c2cd4 2020-06-20 | Using ARGV [Jim Weirich]
* 4445720 2020-06-20 | First Commit [Jim Weirich]

Let’s look at it in detail:

This is a lot to type every time you want to see the log. Fortunately we will learn about git aliases in the next lab.

Other Tools

Both gitx (for Macs) and gitk (any platform) are useful in exploring log history.