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lab 34 Rebasing

Goals

Ok, we are back in time before the first merge and we want to get the changes in master into our greet branch.

This time we will use the rebase command instead of the merge command to bring in the changes from the master branch.

Execute:

git checkout greet
git rebase master
git hist

Output:

$ go greet
Switched to branch 'greet'
$
$ git rebase master
First, rewinding head to replay your work on top of it...
Applying: added Greeter class
Applying: hello uses Greeter
Applying: updated Rakefile
$
$ git hist
* d9d52f1 2020-05-30 | Updated Rakefile (HEAD -> greet) [Jim Weirich]
* 7226fee 2020-05-30 | Hello uses Greeter [Jim Weirich]
* bd0e5fa 2020-05-30 | Added greeter class [Jim Weirich]
* 32cb785 2020-05-30 | Added README (master) [Jim Weirich]
* 128a484 2020-05-30 | Added a Rakefile. [Jim Weirich]
* a3cf03d 2020-05-30 | Moved hello.rb to lib [Jim Weirich]
* 96c1fec 2020-05-30 | Add an author/email comment [Jim Weirich]
* 9811d9e 2020-05-30 | Added a comment (tag: v1) [Jim Weirich]
* 3344f03 2020-05-30 | Added a default value (tag: v1-beta) [Jim Weirich]
* 3cb4c15 2020-05-30 | Using ARGV [Jim Weirich]
* dfb5614 2020-05-30 | First Commit [Jim Weirich]

Merge VS Rebase

The final result of the rebase is very similar to the merge. The greet branch now contains all of its changes, as well as all the changes from the master branch. However, the commit tree is quite different. The commit tree for the greet branch has been rewritten so that the master branch is a part of the commit history. This leaves the chain of commits linear and much easier to read.

When to Rebase, When to Merge?

Don’t use rebase …

  1. If the branch is public and shared with others. Rewriting publicly shared branches will tend to screw up other members of the team.
  2. When the exact history of the commit branch is important (since rebase rewrites the commit history).

Given the above guidelines, I tend to use rebase for short-lived, local branches and merge for branches in the public repository.