lab 13 Tagging versions


Let’s call the current version of the hello program version 1 (v1).

Tagging version 1 01


git tag v1

Now you can refer to the current version of the program as v1.

Tagging Previous Versions 02

Let’s tag the version immediately prior to the current version v1-beta. First we need to checkout the previous version. Rather than lookup up the hash, we will use the ^ notation to indicate “the parent of v1”.

If the v1^ notation gives you any trouble, you can also try v1~1, which will reference the same version. This notation means “the first ancestor of v1”.


git checkout v1^
cat hello.rb


$ git checkout v1^
Note: checking out 'v1^'.

You are in 'detached HEAD' state. You can look around, make experimental
changes and commit them, and you can discard any commits you make in this
state without impacting any branches by performing another checkout.

If you want to create a new branch to retain commits you create, you may
do so (now or later) by using -b with the checkout command again. Example:

  git checkout -b new_branch_name

HEAD is now at 6083cb8... Added a default value
$ cat hello.rb
name = ARGV.first || "World"

puts "Hello, #{name}!"

See, this is the version with the default value before we added the comment. Let’s make this v1-beta.


git tag v1-beta

Checking Out by Tag Name 03

Now try going back and forth between the two tagged versions.


git checkout v1
git checkout v1-beta


$ git checkout v1
Previous HEAD position was 6083cb8... Added a default value
HEAD is now at a1189df... Added a comment
$ git checkout v1-beta
Previous HEAD position was a1189df... Added a comment
HEAD is now at 6083cb8... Added a default value

Viewing Tags using the tag command 04

You can see what tags are available using the git tag command.


git tag


$ git tag

Viewing Tags in the Logs 05

You can also check for tags in the log.


git hist master --all


$ git hist master --all
* a1189df 2014-10-25 | Added a comment (tag: v1, master) [Jim Weirich]
* 6083cb8 2014-10-25 | Added a default value (HEAD, tag: v1-beta) [Jim Weirich]
* b24f3ff 2014-10-25 | Using ARGV [Jim Weirich]
* cf466b4 2014-10-25 | First Commit [Jim Weirich]

You can see both tags (v1 and v1-beta) listed in the log output, along with the branch name (master). Also HEAD shows you the currently checked out commit (which is v1-beta at the moment).

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