lab 19 Amending Commits

Goals

Change the program then commit 01

Add an author comment to the program.

File: hello.rb

# Default is World
# Author: Jim Weirich
name = ARGV.first || "World"

puts "Hello, #{name}!"

Execute:

git add hello.rb
git commit -m "Add an author comment"

Oops, Should have an Email 02

After you make the commit, you realize that any good author comment should have an email included. Update the hello program to include an email.

File: hello.rb

# Default is World
# Author: Jim Weirich (jim@somewhere.com)
name = ARGV.first || "World"

puts "Hello, #{name}!"

Amend the Previous Commit 03

We really don’t want a separate commit for just the email. Let’s amend the previous commit to include the email change.

Execute:

git add hello.rb
git commit --amend -m "Add an author/email comment"

Output:

$ git add hello.rb
$ git commit --amend -m "Add an author/email comment"
[master bfd1408] Add an author/email comment
 1 file changed, 2 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

Review the History 04

Execute:

git hist

Output:

$ git hist
* bfd1408 2014-10-25 | Add an author/email comment (HEAD, master) [Jim Weirich]
* a1189df 2014-10-25 | Added a comment (tag: v1) [Jim Weirich]
* 6083cb8 2014-10-25 | Added a default value (tag: v1-beta) [Jim Weirich]
* b24f3ff 2014-10-25 | Using ARGV [Jim Weirich]
* cf466b4 2014-10-25 | First Commit [Jim Weirich]

We can see the original “author” commit is now gone, and it is replaced by the “author/email” commit. You can achieve the same effect by resetting the branch back one commit and then recommitting the new changes.

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